Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360 as of 2014, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
It is the main centre of the West Midlands conurbation, which is the third most populated urban area in the United Kingdom, with a population in 2011 of 2,440,986.
The wider Birmingham metropolitan area is the second largest in the United Kingdom, with a population of 3.7 million.
Birmingham is frequently referred to as the second city of England.
A market town in the medieval period, Birmingham grew in the 18th century Midlands Enlightenment and subsequent Industrial Revolution, which saw advances in science, technology, and economic development, producing a series of innovations that laid many of the foundations
of modern industrial society.
Birmingham’s two professional football clubs are Birmingham City and Aston Villa,
the latter having achieved the most success by winning seven league titles and one European Cup.
Birmingham has been selected to host the 2022 Commonwealth Games.
People from Birmingham are called Brummies, a term derived from the city’s nickname of “Brum”,
which originates from the city’s old name, Brummagem, which in turn is thought to have derived from “Bromwich-ham”.
The Brummie accent and dialect are particularly distinctive.